Djerdap Gorge, also known as The Iron Gate is located in Eastern Serbia on the river Danube carving Carpathian Mountains and bordering Romania. This complex gorge, comprising four smaller ones: Gornja Klisura, Gospodjin Vir, Kazan and Sipska Klisura, is over 100 km long, stretching from Golubac to Kladovo. Extreme point is to be found in Kazan where cliffs rise up to 300 m above, only 150 m wide and 82 m deep Danube. Djerdap National Park covers 64,000 acres and contains some of the country’s most impressive natural beauty featuring greatest biodiversity within one ecosystem.
Town of Donji Milanovac stands as administrative center of Djerdap Gorge while this area has always attracted people since 8 000 years BC, when Lepenski Vir settlement flourished by the Danube bank. Remnants of this prehistoric settlement are considered as the cultural highlight of the gorge and important archeological site, globally . Roman Emperor Traian also left his mark in the shape of Tabula Traina by the Danube when he constructed Roman road in order to get to Ancient Dacia, present day Romania. And finally, Golubac fortress testifies about medieval past of Djerdap gorge as it rises above the point where Danube River reaches its maximum width.
Djerdap power plant changed the gorge forever. Danube has risen, in some places, up to 35 m, thus creating large river accumulation. This elongated lake made navigation possible even for large ships but some people still long for that wild, untamed Danube that used to flow through Djerdap Gorge before dam construction. Power plant was built in the 1960s as engineering achievement that is still used by both Serbia and Romania.