In Serbia, Monasteries are more than just religious object. They managed to preserve Serbian national identity under long periods of occupation while Serbian Orthodox Church is the Serbian state, corner stone. The most important monasteries date back as far as medieval times and they are seen as the country’s biggest cultural treasure. Medieval architecture as well as medieval fresco paintings are classified in Raska, Serbo-Byzantine and Moravian style and in some aspects they herald Italian renaissance.
Romans withdrew, as Byzantines and Hungarians fought for supremacy on The Balkans. In that time (XII century), Serbian state was starting to take shape under Nemanjic dynasty. Medieval Serbia used to be thriving country based on Byzantine cultural model, only until Ottomans crossed from Asia to Europe.