Ever since 1371 when Turks attacked on Marica River, Serbia has struggled to maintain independence. Finally in 1459, when town of Smederevo fell into Turkish hands, Medieval Serbia ceased to exist. Belgrade however, under Hungarian administration continued to resist. But in 1521, Suleiman the Magnificent managed to claim strong fortress on two rivers with Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic by his side.
Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, born as a Serb but brought up as janissary, was an Ottoman statesman and distinguished person of Sultan’s trust, awarded with the highest title of Vizier. He was sentimentally attached to his Serbian roots and known as a great builder. Unfortunately, the only trace of his presence in Belgrade is fountain in Kalemegdan Park. It was built in the second half of 16th century by Pasha itself and it is among rare remains from Ottoman period.