XIX Century in Serbia is a period of the new beginning as Serbs managed to claim independence in two bloody uprisings. The first (1804) was led by Djordje Petrovic nicknamed Black George or Karadjordje in Turkish translation. Although it did not end successfully, Karadjordje’s decedents started Karadjordjevic dynasty that was to rule Serbia/Yugoslavia until Second World War. Second Serbian Uprising (1815) led by Milos Obrenovic resulted with autonomy and eventually with independence. His descendants started Obrenovic Dynasty that ruled the country until bloody coup d’état in 1903.
XIX century was in its entirety dedicated to uprising movements that eventually resulted in independence as elsewhere in Europe. For the first time after medieval century, Serbia is culturally becoming part of the continent while actively taking part in European romanticism movement.