On the slopes of Fruska Gora Mountain that gently descends into Danube River, stands mighty Petrovaradin fortress. It used to be the most important Austrian stronghold towards the Ottoman threat. Serbs and Jews were forced to inhabit the opposite bank of the Danube River as Austrian officers and soldiers settled in the Lower town of Petrovaradin fortress. Newly built settlement was called Varadinski Šanac that eventually evolved into city of Novi Sad.
Later on, Novi Sad will be known as Serbian Athens having in mind it’s role in preserveance of Serbian cultural identity during Turkish occupation. Today, Novi Sad is a symbol of tolerant cohabitation in-between various nations living in Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and a European counterbalance as opposed to still oriental Belgrade in some aspects.
Further information available on: http://wonderfulserbia.com/destination/sightseeing/around-serbia/one-day-excursions/novi-sad-excursion/